Witch Hazel Leaf Definition

Witch Hazel Leaf Definition

Witch hazel are deciduous shrubs or (rarely) small trees that grow 3 to 7.5 m tall, even more rarely up to 12 m tall. The leaves are arranged alternately, ovate, 5-15 cm long and 2,5-10 cm broad, with a smooth or wavy margin. The name witch hazel genus means « with fruit » and refers to the simultaneous appearance of flowers with the ripening fruit of the previous year. [4] H. virginiana flowers from September to November, while the other species bloom from January to March. Each flower has four thin ribbon-like petals 1-2 cm long, pale yellow to dark, orange or red. The fruit is a two-part capsule 1 cm long, containing in each part a single glossy black seed 0,6 cm long; The capsule divides explosively at maturity in autumn about 8 months after flowering and expels the seeds with sufficient force to fly distances of up to 9 m, hence another alternative name « snapping hazelnut ». [ref. needed] His hazel eyes were very round for a while, then they narrowed and small humorous lines formed at the corners of his mouth.

Persian ironwood, a closely related tree once treated as Hamamelis persica, now receives its own genus, like Parrotia persica, because it differs in flowers, which have only sepals and no petals. Other closely related genera are Parrotiopsis, Fothergilla and Sycopsis (see under Hamamelidaceae). Witch hazel is not closely related to true Corylus hazelnuts, although they have superficially similar characteristics that may lead you to believe they are. [clarification needed] Witch hazel is a deciduous leather-leaved shrub native to the eastern United States. The underside of its leaves is dull gray, but the surfaces facing upwards of the leaves are glossy green. Insects, diseases and other plant problems: No serious pests. Caterpillars, Japanese beetles, aphids, weevils, scales, leaf rolls and leafminers are occasional pests. Powdery mildew, leaf spots and rot are occasional diseases. The foliage can be damaged by insect galls (small wasps), but does not harm the plant. In their eyes, the whole ordeal was a witch hunt by local authorities. She had dark brown hair that went up to her fringed eyebrows, and her eyes were golden walnut brown. The first Puritan settlers in New England adopted witch hazel as the supposed remedy of the natives, and its use was established in the United States in the 19th century.

[19] A missionary, Dr. Charles Hawes, took charge of the witch hazel steam distillation process[19] and created a product « Hawes extract, » which was sold in Essex, Connecticut, in 1846 by pharmacist and chemist Alvan Whittemore. [24] Hawes` process was refined by Thomas Newton Dickinson, Sr., who is credited with beginning commercial production of witch hazel extract in 1866, also in Essex, Connecticut, and eventually established nine production facilities in eastern Connecticut in the 20th century. After his death, his two sons, Thomas N. Dickinson, Jr., of Mystic, Connecticut, and Everett E. Essex Dickinson inherited portions of the family business and continued to produce witch hazel extract and operated competing « Dickinson » companies, which were continued by their descendants until 1997, when the production operations of both companies were consolidated at the American Distilling plant in East Hampton, CT. [19] She had light reddish-brown hair, dark hazel eyes, a fair complexion and a « honeycombed chin. » PLANT PROFILE – Hamamelis virginiana, American witch hazel Lloyd JU, Lloyd JT. History of witch hazel extract and distillate. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 1935;24(6) The name witch in witch hazel originates from Middle English wiche, Old English wice, meaning « supple » or « supple, » and is not related to the word witch, meaning a sorcerer. [5] Jacob George Srutt`s 1822 book Sylva Britannica testifies that « Wych Hazel » was used in England as a synonym for elm Ulmus glabra; [6] The use of branches as divinatory stems, just as hazelnut branches were used in England, may also have influenced the « witch » part of the name. [3] Hamamelis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae, with three species in North America (H.

ovalis[1], H. virginiana and H. vernalis) and one in Japan (H. japonica) and one in China (H. mollis). North American species are sometimes called winter flowers. [2] [3] She faces a jury of famous villains and a judge of the Salem witch trials. Witch hazel is a deciduous shrub or small tree of the family Hamamelidaceae (Hamamelis) that can grow up to 15 to 20 feet tall. It is native to eastern North America and grows along forest edges and river banks from Canada to Mexico. The name witch hazel genus comes from the Greek word hama for « simultaneously » and melon, which means fruit and refers to the fact that the plant can make flowers and fruits appear at the same time, a somewhat rare feature.

No Comments

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.