12 Déc Which Category Citizens Are Benefited by Legal Aid Scheme
In Denmark, applicants must meet the following criteria to obtain legal aid in civil matters: The applicant must not exceed kr. 289,000 ($50,000) per year and the party`s claims must appear reasonable. In criminal cases, the convicted person only has to pay the costs if he or she has a large fixed income – in order to avoid a relapse.  Legal aid boards use a mixed model for the provision of legal representation. Legal representation may be entrusted to an in-house in-house lawyer or referred to a private lawyer. The blended model is particularly advantageous for providing services to clients in regional jurisdictions and in cases where a conflict of interest means that the same lawyer cannot represent both parties. Vor der Mitte des 20. In the nineteenth century, the literature on legal aid focused on the collective implementation of economic, social and cultural rights. When classical welfare states were established in the 1940s and after World War II, a basic principle was that citizens had a collective responsibility for economic, social and cultural rights; And the state took responsibility for those who, due to illness and unemployment, were unable to support themselves.
The implementation of economic, social and cultural rights should be done collectively, through politics and not through individual legal action. Laws were enacted to support social benefits, although they were seen as laws for planners rather than lawyers. Legal aid programmes were set up because it was assumed that the state had a responsibility to assist those involved in litigation, but they initially focused mainly on family law and divorce.  In response to rapid industrialization in Europe in the late 19th century, trade union and workers` parties emerged that questioned the social policies of governments. They secured the passage of laws granting workers legal rights in the event of illness or accident in order to prevent industrial workers` industrial workers` industrial action. Trade unions, in turn, began to provide legal advice to workers on their new economic, social and cultural rights. Demand for these services was high, and in an effort to provide unbiased advice to workers, many governments began to do so in the early 20th century. This is the first time we are able to provide legal assistance.  Most mutual legal assistance activities include counselling, informal hearings and appearances at administrative hearings, as opposed to formal litigation before the courts. However, the discovery of serious or recurring injustices involving a large number of victims sometimes justifies the cost of large-scale litigation. Sometimes educational and legal reforms are also implemented. Due to restrictions imposed by Congress, legal aid lawyers are limited in their ability to influence the overall policies and institutions that fuel and perpetuate injustice.
And once a program accepts only $1 in funding from the Société des services juridiques, it must comply with these restrictions on all activities, even if it receives money from other sources without restriction.49 An important debate about pro bono services is the attorney-client relationship and the distribution of power within it. Since the 1970s, civil rights and nonprofit organizations have invented and used the concept of « lawyer dominance, » a perception that lawyers act on their personal beliefs about the course of action that would best suit the client. For low-income and minority clients, their submission to lawyers` control and authoritative decision-making was seen as the « price of access to justice. »  Given the lack of financial influence clients have over their lawyers, lawyers have always adopted paternalistic attitudes towards pro bono work rather than a more collaborative approach. From the perspective of legal lawyers, the assumption is that « the client is interested in an outcome and is likely to come to you because you know the best way or path that is most likely to achieve that outcome. Therefore, you must rely on the expertise of the lawyer to find and suggest ways to find further steps.  In thirty-two percent of cases, lawyers indicated that they made strategic decisions without any client involvement.  A notable exception is the Orange County Bar Association in Orlando, Florida, which requires all member lawyers to participate in their legal aid society by serving pro bono or by donating fees in lieu of service.